|65.||Establishment of Parliament|
|(1) There shall be a Parliament for Bangladesh (to be known as the House of the Nation) in which subject to the provisions of this Constitution, shall be vested the legislative powers of the Republic:
Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent Parliament from delegating to any person or authority, by Act of Parliament, power to make orders, rules, regulations, bye-laws or other instruments having legislative effect.(2) Parliament shall consist of three hundred members to be elected in accordance with law from single territorial constituencies by direct election and, for so long as clause (3) is effective, the members provided for in that clause; the member shall be designated as Members of Parliament.
30[(3) Until the dissolution of Parliament occurring next after the expiration of the period of ten years beginning from the date of the first meeting of the Parliament next after the Parliament in existence at the time of the commencement of the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 2004, there shall be reserved forty five seats exclusively for women members and they will be elected by the aforesaid members in accordance with law on the basis of procedure of proportional representation in the Parliament through single transferable vote :
Provided that nothing in this clause shall be deemed to prevent a woman from being elected to any of the seats provided for in clause (2) of this article.
(4) The seat of Parliament shall be in the capital.
|66.||Qualifications and disqualifications for election to Parliament|
|(1) A person shall subject to the provisions of clause (2), be qualified to be elected as, and to be, a member of Parliament if he is a citizen of Bangladesh and has attained the age of twenty-five years.
(2) A person shall be disqualified for election as, or for being, a member of Parliament who-
39* * * * * *(4) If any dispute arises as to whether a member of Parliament has, after his election, become subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in clause (2) or as to whether a member of Parliament should vacate his seat pursuant to article 70, the dispute shall be referred to the Election Commission to hear and determine it and the decision of the Commission on such reference shall be final.
(5) Parliament may, by law, make such provision as it deems necessary for empowering the Election Commission to give full effect to the provisions of clause (4).
|67.||Vacation of seats of members|
|(1) A member of Parliament shall vacate his seat-
|68.||Remuneration, etc., of members of Parliament|
|Members of Parliament shall be entitled to such 41[remuneration], allowances and privileges as may be determined by Act of Parliament or, until so determined, by order made by the President.|
|69.||Penalty for member sitting or voting before taking oath|
|If a person sits or votes as a member of Parliament before he makes or subscribes the oath or affirmation in accordance with this Constitution, or when he knows that he is not qualified or is disqualified for membership thereof, he shall be liable in respect of each day on which he so sits or votes to a penalty of one thousand taka to be recovered as a debt due to the Republic.|
|42[70.||Vacation of seat on resignation, etc.|
|(1) A person elected as a member of Parliament at an election at which he was nominated as a candidate by a political party shall vacate his seat if he resigns from that party or votes in Parliament against the party. Explanation. - If a member of Parliament-
(3) If a person, after being elected a member of Parliament as an independent candidate, joins any political party, he shall, for the purpose of this article, be deemed to have been elected as a nominee of that Party.]
|71.||Bar against double membership|
|(1) No person shall at the same time be a member of Parliament in respect of two or more constituencies.
(2)Nothing in clause (1) shall prevent a person from being at the same time a candidate for two or more constituencies, but in the event of his being elected for more than one-
|72.||Sessions of Parliament|
|(1) Parliament shall be summoned, prorogued and dissolved by the President by public notification and when summoning Parliament the President shall specify the time and place of the first meeting:
43[Provided that a period exceeding sixty days shall not intervene between the end of one session and the first sitting of Parliament in the next session:
Provided further that in the exercise of his functions under this clause, the President shall act in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister tendered to him in writing.]
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of clause (1) Parliament shall be summoned to meet within thirty days after the declaration of the results of polling at any general election of members of Parliament.
(3) Unless sooner dissolved by the President, Parliament shall stand dissolved on the expiration of the period of five years from the date of its first meeting.
Provided that at any time when the Republic is engaged in war the period may be extended by Act of Parliament by not more than one year at a time but shall not be so extended beyond six months after the termination of the war.
(4) If after a dissolution and before the holding of the next general election of members of Parliament the President is satisfied that owing to the existence of a state of war in which he Republic is engaged it is necessary to recall Parliament, the President shall summon the Parliament that has been dissolved to meet.
44* * * * * * *(5) Subject to the provisions of clause (1) the sittings of Parliament shall be held at such times and places as Parliament may, by its rules of procedure or otherwise determine.
|73.||President's address and messages to Parliament|
|(1) The President may address Parliament, and may send messages thereto.
(2) At the commencement to the first session after a general election of members of Parliament and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address Parliament.
(3) Parliament shall, after the presentation of an address by the President, or the receipt of a message from him, discuss the matter referred to in such address or message
|45[73A.||Rights of Ministers as respects Parliament|
|[(1) Every Minister shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, Parliament, but shall not be entitled to vote 46[or to speak on any matter not related to his Ministry] unless he is a member of Parliament also. .
(2) In this article, "Minister" includes a Prime Minister, 47* *, Minister of State and Deputy Minister.]
|74.||Speaker and Deputy Speaker|
| (1) Parliament shall at the first sitting after any general election elect from among its members a Speaker and a deputy Speaker, and if either office becomes vacant shall within seven days or, if Parliament is not then sitting, at its first meeting thereafter, elect one of its members to fill the vacancy.
(2) The Speaker or Deputy Speaker shall vacate his office-
(4) At any sitting of Parliament, while a resolution for the removal of the Speaker from his office is under consideration the Speaker (or while any resolution for the removal of the Deputy Speaker form his office is under consideration, the Deputy Speaker) shall not preside, and the provisions of clause (3) shall apply in relation to every such sitting as they apply in relation to a sitting from which the Speaker or, as the case may be the Deputy Speaker is absent.
(5) The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker, as the case may be, shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in, the proceedings of Parliament while any resolution for his removal from office is under consideration in Parliament, and shall be entitled to vote but only as a member.
(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of clause (2) the Speaker or, as the case may be, the deputy speaker, shall be demeed to continue to hold office until his successor has entered upon office.
|75.||Rules of procedure, quorum, etc.|
| (1) Subject to this Constitution-
|76.||Stading committees of Parliament|
|(1) 49* * * Parliament shall appoint from among its members the following standing committees, that is to say-
|(1) Parliament may, by law, provide for the establishment of the office of Ombudsman.
(2) The Ombudsman shall exercise such powers and perform such functions as Parliament may, by law, determine, including the power to investigate any action taken by a Ministry, a public officer or a statutory public authority.
(3) The Ombudsman shall prepare an annual report concerning the discharge of his functions, and such report shall be laid before Parliament.
|78.||Privileges and immunities of Parliament and members|
|(1) The validity of the proceedings in Parliament shall not be questioned in any court.
(2) A member or officer of Parliament in whom powers are vested for the regulation of procedure, the conduct of business or the maintenance of order in Parliament, shall not in relation to the exercise by him of any such powers be subject to the jurisdiction of any court.
(3) A member of Parliament shall not be liable to proceedings in any court in respect of anything said, or any vote given, by him in Parliament or in any committed thereof. (4) A person shall not be liable to proceedings in any court in respect of the publication by or under the authority of Parliament of any report, paper, vote or proceeding. (5) Subject to this article, the privileges of Parliament and of its committees and members may be determined by Act of Parliament.
|79.||Secretariat of Parliament|
|(1) Parliament shall have its own Secretariat. Secretariat of Parliament.
(2) Parliament may, by law, regulate the recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to the secretariat of Parliament.
(3) Until provision is made by Parliament the President may, after consultation with the Speaker, make rules regulating the recruitment and condition of service of persons appointed to the secretariat of Parliament, and rules so made shall have effect subject to the provisions of any law.
CHAPTER II- LEGISLATIVE AND FINANCIAL PROCEDURES
|(1) Every proposal in Parliament for making law shall be made in the form of a Bill.
(2) When a Bill is passed by Parliament it shall be presented to the President for assent.
(3) The President, within fifteen days after a Bill is presented to him shall assent to the Bill 50* * * or, in the case of a Bill other than a money Bill may return it to parliament with a message requesting that the Bill or any particular provisions thereof by reconsidered, and that any amendments specified by him in the message be considered; and if he fails so to do he shall be deemed to have assented to the Bill at the expiration of that period.
(4) If the President so returns the Bill Parliament shall consider it together with the President's message, and if the Bill is again passed by Parliament with or without amendments 51[by the votes of a majority of the total number of members of Parliament], it shall be presented to the President for his assent, whereupon the President shall assent to the Bill within the period of seven days after it has been presented to him, and if he fails to do so he shall be deemed to have assented to the Bill on the expiration of that period.
(5) When the President has assented or is deemed to have assented to a Bill passed by Parliament it shall become law and shall be called an Act of Parliament.
|(1) In this Part "Money Bill" means a Bill containing only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters-
(3) Every Money Bill shall, when it is presented to the President for his assent, bear a certificate under the hand of the Speaker that it is a Money Bill, and such certificate shall be conclusive for all purposes and shall not be questioned in any court.
|82.||Recommendation for financial measures|
|No Money Bill, or any Bill which involves expenditure from public moneys, shall be introduced into Parliament except on the recommendation of the President:
Provided that no recommendation shall be required under this article for the moving of an amendment making provision for the reduction or abolition of any tax.
|83.||Mo taxation except by or under Act of Parliament|
|No tax shall be levied or collected except by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.|
|84.||Consolidated Fund and the Public Account of the Republic|
|(1) All revenues received by the Government, all loans raised by the Government, and all moneys received by it in repayment of any loan, shall form part of one fund to be known as the Consolidated Fund.
(2) All other public moneys received by or on behalf of the Government shall be credited to the Public Account of the Republic.
|85.||Regulation of public moneys|
|The custody of public moneys, their payment into and the withdrawal from the Consolidated Fund or, as the case may be, the Public Account of the Republic, and matters connected with or ancillary to the matters aforesaid, shall be regulated by Act of Parliament, and until provision in that behalf is so made, by rules made by the President.
|86.||Moneys payable to Public Account of Republic|
|All moneys received by or deposited with-
|87.||Annual financial statement|
|(1) There shall be laid before Parliament in respect of each financial year, a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government for that year, in this Part referred to as the annual financial statement.
(2) The annual financial statement shall show separately-
|88.||Charges on Consolidated Fund|
|The following expenditure shall be charged upon the Consolidated Fund-
|89.||Procedure relating to annual financial statement|
|(1) So much of the annual financial statement as relates to expenditure charged upon the Consolidated Fund may be discussed in, but shall not be submitted to the vote of, Parliament.
(2) So much of the annual financial statement as relates to other expenditure shall be submitted to Parliament in the form of demands for grants, and Parliament shall have power to assent to or to refuse to assent to any demand, or to assent to it subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein.
(3) No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the President.
|(1) As soon as may be after the grants under article 89 have been made by Parliament there shall be introduced in Parliament a Bill to provide for appropriation out of the Consolidated Fund of all moneys required to meet-
(3) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution no money shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund except under appropriation made by law passed in accordance with the provisions of this article.
|91.||Supplementary and excess grants|
|If in respect of any financial year it is found-
|92.||Votes on account, votes of credit, etc.|
|(1) Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, Parliament shall have power-
56[(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of the this Chapter, if, in respect of a financial year, Parliament-
CHAPTER III- ORDINANCE MAKING POWER
|93.||Ordinance making power|
|(1) At any time when 58[Parliament stands dissolved or is not in session], if the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render immediate action necessary, he may make and promulgate such Ordinances as the circumstances appear to him to require, and any Ordinance so made shall, as from its promulgation have the like force of law as an Act of Parliament:
Provided that no Ordinance under this clause shall make any provision-
(3) At any time when Parliament stands dissolved the President may, if he is satisfied that circumstances exist which render such action necessary, make and promulgate an Ordinance authorising expenditure from the Consolidated Fund, whether the expenditure is charged by the Constitution upon that fund or not, and any Ordinance so made shall, as from its promulgation, have the like force of law as an Act of Parliament.
(4) Every Ordinance promulgated under clause (3) shall be laid before Parliament as soon as may be, and the provisions for articles 87, 89 and 90 shall, with necessary adaptations, be complied with in respect thereof within thirty days of the reconstitution of Parliament.